The software that comes with OS X is very capable. The mundane applications that come with OS X, such as the Finder, Preview, and Disk Utility can do some surprising things. I’ve been using Macs for 20 years and I’m still learning new tricks for these programs.
But, the installed apps can’t do everything. As part of setting up my new Mac, I’ve had to install a small set of very useful, dare I say essential software. This is the list of everything that I installed on my Mac for one reason or another.
Everything on this list is Free as in beer. These are only things that are perpetually useful. If it is a limited version it is at least useful. Nothing expires. These are not the things that I think you should look at, or any kind of best of or exhaustive list. These are just the things that I actually use. (With a noted exception or two.)
This is Part II in my “Setting up my Mac” series. See Part I: How to Transfer Mac OS X Application Data between Computers.
Video Codecs For Quicktime
QuickTime is the native video format for the Mac. However, there are many different video file formats floating around on the web. Fortunately, QuickTime is modular and there are many free components available for playing these formats. I think this list covers the most popular.
- Plays Windows Media Player files in QuickTime (Except those that have DRM).
- Plays some .avi files in QuickTime.
- Adds support for AAC audio.
- Maybe this is redundant with Perian?
In a rare show lameness, the built-in QuickTime player cannot play QuickTime Video Full Screen unless you pay to upgrade to QuickTime Pro. This has always bugged me. Can you say nickel & dime? I’d rather they roll the price into the cost of OS X or my computer, if necessary. Fortunately, this is a restriction on the player, and not on the QuickTime Framework. Third players can play full screen, although perhaps at the expense of some QT player niceties like the remote control. I’ve installed these additional players.
- This tiny player plays quicktime full screen and not much else.
- Nice Player
- This is a more capable QuickTime player. I’ve had the video and audio tracks get of of sync, tho. Still evaluating.
- Real Player
- Necessary to play the anything in Real format, or to play Real streams in your browser.
- A very capable player that does not rely on QuickTime or its plugins.
- Flash Player
- OS X comes with flash player installed, but you might want to upgrade. View your current flash version number.
I don’t do much with video, but these players and the prior QuickTime plugins have handled everything that I’ve ever wanted to do.
At $400 and without the typical Windows PC OEM discounts or the student discounts available to some, Microsoft Office represents a significant investment, especially if you just need occasional word processing, or you just want to view Microsoft Office documents that people send you. NeoOffice is a mac native version of OpenOffice. I have Microsoft Office, but NeoOffice is still useful to open the OpenOffice formatted documents that people from the open source community sometimes send me.
BBEdit has been around in the Mac community for a long time. TextWrangler is its free but commercial quality and very capable little brother.
The finder does a pretty good job compressing and uncompressing zip files. (You knew it did that, right?) However, there are about a zillion different compression formats that might arrive at your doorstep via the magic of the internet.
- Stuffit Expander
- Stuffit is the time-honored way to uncompress stuff. However, this long standing Macintosh institution has fallen into disrepute lately. To download Stuffit, you have to surrender your email address, and they do use it. I’ve installed it anyway, thanks to a throw away email address.
- The Unarchiver
- I’ve switched to the free and open source Unarchiver as my primary de-compressor. So far, so good.
iChat is nice, but there are more chat protocols out there than AOL and Jabber. I’ve also managed to collect a few different online profiles. You can reach me at procatajeff on AOL.
- Allows you to connect to multiple chat protocols and multiple accounts at the same time. It doesn’t have all of the features of the native chat programs, but it is worth it to just have to run one program.
- IRC client for Mac OS X.
- Yahoo Messenger
- The Yahoo Messenger for the Mac has many fewer features than its Windows cousin, but its not as loaded with advertisements as the windows version, either.
- MSN Messenger
- I don’t use MSN at all, but if you did…
- AOL Messenger
- Again, there are some AOL features you can’t get through iChat. I almost always use Adium instead of AOL Messenger or even iChat.
I use Safari for 99% of my web browsing. However, I install the major alternative browsers, too.
- There are still some sites that do not work with Safari. For those, Firefox can usually get you in.
- Same rendering engine as FireFox, but a more “mac-like” user interface.
- I only use it to check web pages to see if they’re rendering correctly.
- NetNewsWire Lite
- Great feed reader. I’m a registered user of the full versions. This was probably the best valued software purchase I’ve ever made. I started with the Lite version, although I’ve forgotten what the differences are by now.
- The finder will do FTP, but CyberDuck does more. I use it for the synchronization capability. This program has always been a little buggy and never quite reached the level of stability that I would like, but I use it anyway.
- I don’t do much with Torrents, but when you run across them, use this.
- An alternative BitTorrent client. I haven’t used this one yet, but I’m gonna give it a try next time I want to download a torrent.
There are tons of haxies, so called maintenance utilities, and customizers for OS X. I don’t use any of them. Bad memories from the System 6 extension days, I guess. Here are a couple utilities I do use.
- Menu Meters
- Monitor CPU, Memory and Disk usage as well as network activity in the menu bar. Very nice. Running this on my old machine was a major contributor to my decision to purchase a new one.
- Disk Inventory X
- A graphical breakdown of how your disk is being used. A kinda shaky 1.0, but be prepared to get an education after you run it and see where your disk space is going. Keep it around for when you need to find some free space.
Associating Files with Applications
Most of the applications on this list overlap in terms of the file formats that they can open. Sometimes, though, the wrong program will open when you double click on a file or download something. RCDefault allows you to edit the associates between file types and data types and with the applications that can use them. You can do this in the Finder to a certain extent, but RCDefault gives you more options and puts it all in one place.
I put this list together to keep track of what I need to install after I rebuild my machine. Take a look at part I of my setting up a Mac series.
If there is something you think I should take a look at let me know in the comments. (But keep it in the free or perpetually useful spirit of this post.)
Best of Luck